Medical assistants typically have a greater role in patient care, and may perform tasks like taking vital signs, providing injections or medications or aiding in patient exams. Medical office assistants practice in a clerical role rather than in direct patient care, responsible for organizing patient records, scheduling appointments, answering phones or filing paperwork. Learn more about the medical office administration program Explore Now Other Questions Can you get an associate degree in nursing online? How does the MSN-FNP clinical experience work? What can a nurse do with a business degree? What are the prerequisites for Herzing nursing programs?