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How to Become a
Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP)

Roles & Responsibilities

1. Understand the role: What does a Family Nurse Practitioner do?

Herzing Nursing Programs

Traditionally healthcare delivery has centered around physicians to diagnose illness, prescribe treatment and medication and assume responsibility for a patient’s well-being. Today the roles of healthcare providers have evolved. With the changes in healthcare reform, family nurse practitioners are serving an increasingly vital role in caring for families.

As our population continues to grow and age, the corresponding need for qualified providers to efficiently and effectively care for patients is skyrocketing. This has led to new and expanded roles for nurse practitioners who are trained to assess, diagnose, treat and manage illnesses in various patient populations.

Nurse practitioners are Advanced Practice Registered Nurses (APRN) educated at the master’s level or higher. They typically work in emergency rooms, primary care clinics, urgent care centers, and hospitals treating patients with a range of illnesses and/or life-threatening conditions. The primary care FNP is certified and licensed to treat patients of all ages in a variety of settings.

Learn everything you need to know about what a family nurse practitioner is and what they do.

Life as a family nurse practitioner: career profile

U.S. News and World Report ranked nurse practitioner #2 on its 2021 list of Best Health Care Jobs and #3 on its list of the 100 best jobs in America. It ranks so highly, in part, because of the tremendous job satisfaction FNP-trained nurses report as they gain more and more autonomy as primary healthcare providers. The annual report also factors in growth potential, work-life balance and salary.

Increasingly, FNPs are providing services for which patients would have historically waited weeks to see a physician, especially in rural areas where there is a shortage of primary family practice providers.

Where can you work?

As an FNP, you’ll have a lot of options when it comes to choosing the type of setting where you’ll work every day. Whether you choose to focus your career in family practice, geriatrics, pediatrics, Ob-Gyn, neonatal (ICU), urgent care, surgical/OR, internal medicine or primary care, you’ll be a valuable addition to a staff at a broad range of healthcare facilities, including:

  • Urgent care sites
  • Private physicians or NP practices
  • Nursing homes
  • Home health agencies
  • Outpatient clinics
  • Hospice and palliative care centers
  • Schools and colleges
  • Public health departments
  • Women’s health facilities
  • Veteran’s Administration

There are many different nurse practitioner concentration programs you may choose from. Take our online nursing personality quiz to find out what type of nursing specialties are best suited for you.

How much can you make as a family nurse practitioner?

Family Nurse Practitioners have pathways to make their career choice a very rewarding decision, both professionally and financially.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the average annual salary for Family Nurse Practitioners in 2020 was $114,510, and the highest 10% of them earned $156,160.* No matter how you slice it, FNPs can make a very comfortable living. Salaries fluctuate from state to state and can vary based upon the type of facility where you choose to practice. See more detail on the average family nurse practitioner salary by state.

What is the job market like for FNPs?

There is a great deal of demand for Family Nurse Practitioners. The Bureau of Labor Statistics projects overall employment for nurse practitioners to grow by 52% from 2020-2030. This is much faster than the national average for all occupations and is largely due to the increasing emphasis on preventive care and the burgeoning need for healthcare services for our aging population.

Overall, job opportunities for nurse practitioners are expected to remain excellent. Now might be the ideal time to earn the credentials necessary to elevate your career in this highly rewarding field.

How long it takes to become a family nurse practitioner

Becoming an FNP may take approximately 2-5 years depending on where you are now in nursing, the number of credits you can transfer, and whether you choose a full or part-time schedule. After attaining your master’s degree you’ll need to get certified and obtain licensure in your state before officially becoming a nurse practitioner.

Become an RN

2. Become an RN with a nursing degree (ADN, BSN)

There are several different routes you can take to become a nurse practitioner depending on where you are in your current career and the amount of transferrable credits you already have from a prior degree. There is no path to becoming a nurse practitioner without earning a nursing degree.

To enroll in one of Herzing University’s FNP program options, completion of an associate degree, bachelor's degree or RN diploma is required, and you’ll need to hold a current, active and unencumbered license as a registered nurse.

Educational paths to becoming an RN:

  • If you are new to nursing and do not have degree, you can pursue an associate degree or a bachelor’s degree designed to accelerate your path to a graduate nursing program. We offer a BSN program online, eligible for enrollment in select U.S. states.
  • If you already have a bachelor’s degree in a different field, you can choose an accelerated BSN program designed to prepare you for professional nursing practice in as few as 20 months.

After completing your education you’ll need to pass the NCLEX-RN and meet the board of nursing requirements in your state to become an RN.

Regardless of where you are on the nursing continuum, there’s a path you can follow with Herzing University to achieve your career goal of becoming a family nurse practitioner.

Earn an MSN

3. Enroll in a Specialized Master’s Degree Program

Nursing Student

The path to a career as an FNP typically begins when a registered nurse decides to advance into a specialized area of nursing. To do so, you’ll need to earn a master’s degree that includes both classroom education and clinical experience.

Choose a highly respected nursing school

Fortunately, there are nursing schools offering CCNE accredited1 online master’s programs that balance immersive online classes with rich, hands-on clinical experiences. One such curriculum is the FNP program at Herzing University, which has been educating and training career-motivated students since 1965.

Education in the classroom & clinical hours

The Herzing FNP program includes 675 clinical hours and also 500 patient encounters to ensure that you have excellent skills in caring for patients. Upon completion of your program, you will need to pass a national certification exam.

For example, graduates from Herzing’s FNP program are eligible to sit for certification exams offered by either the  American Nurse Credentialing Center (ANCC) or the  American Association of Nurse Practitioners (AANP).

Find the program that works for you and your schedule

Yes, you can get your nurse practitioner degree online! Both the Accelerated RN to FNP and MSN FNP program for BSN holders at Herzing are delivered online and therefore allows working nurses the ability to manage their coursework without disrupting their current work responsibilities.

Are you ready to start focusing on your long-term career goals? If so, you should know it's possible to become a family nurse practitioner in as few as 20 months. Herzing’s curriculum is based on a five-semester calendar for full-time students. Your situation may vary based on transfer credits and whether you choose a full or part-time schedule.

One significant advantage of choosing Herzing is that our program has six start dates throughout the year, ensuring you can start soon, but allowing enough time to make any necessary adjustments to your personal and work schedules to accommodate your studies.

Ensure the program is accredited and legitimate

One of the main reasons Herzing University has become a go-to school for today’s career-focused nursing professionals is that its CCNE-accredited1 curriculum is designed and regularly updated to meet the expectations of FNP employers across the country.

Officially recognized by the U.S. Secretary of Education as a national accreditation agency, the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE) is an autonomous accrediting agency, contributing to the improvement of the public's health. CCNE ensures the quality and integrity of baccalaureate, graduate, and residency programs in nursing.


4. Complete your clinicals and graduate

Nursing Graduate

One of the most important elements of becoming a nurse practitioner is the FNP program clinicals. At Herzing, you’ll complete 675 hours of precepted clinical experience with a preceptor that you have identified in your local area and 500 individual patient encounters to practice your skills of assessment, diagnosis, treatment and evaluation.

Finding a preceptor can be one of the biggest challenges many nursing students face. Our guide to finding an nurse practitioner preceptor can answer many of your questions about the process and what's expected of you. With Herzing University you are never alone. We support you in your search for a preceptor for your clinical practicum.

A distinct advantage of earning your master’s degree at Herzing is the university’s vast network of partnership sites. At Herzing you’ll have a clinical coordinator who will help you locate clinical sites and preceptors. There is a clinical guidance process to help you along the way as well as online nursing orientation and clinical readiness modules to ensure you have the tools you need to be successful along the way.

Certification Exam

5. Pass the certification exam

Graduates from the Herzing University FNP program are eligible to sit for one of two FNP certification exams:

You may choose the exam you’d like to take. Both organizations are widely recognized certifying boards and passing either exam makes you a certified FNP.

The MSN faculty are invested in your success on the certification exam. From the time you start your program at Herzing University until graduation day, you will receive tips for certification success. There are educational touchpoints with an academic advisor as needed and exams that are placed strategically throughout the curriculum to ensure that you are meeting the appropriate benchmarks in the program.

If you are able to meet specific requirements and pass the certification exam on the first attempt, you will receive reimbursement for the cost of the exam.

Obtain Licensure

6. Obtain licensure in your state

Licensing is handled by your state’s board of nursing. There are very few states allowing nurse practitioners to practice without certification – but even in those cases employers and insurers often require nurse practitioners become certified.

In order to practice in another state you will be required to become licensed there as a registered nurse if you are not currently in a compact state. Then you may become licensed as an advanced practice nurse.

Contact the board of nursing in your state to find their requirements for FNP licensure.

7. Start Your Career as a Family Nurse Practitioner

Becoming a Family Nurse Practitioner can be life-changing for you as well as for the patients you treat and the community in which you live.

If you’re ready to be part of the solution to the challenges faced by today’s healthcare industry, there’s never been a better time to get started on the path to an exciting new career as a Family Nurse Practitioner.

Learn about Herzing's online FNP program


1. The master’s degree program in nursing at Herzing University Online is accredited by the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (

* Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook 2020. BLS estimates do not represent entry-level wages and/or salaries. Multiple factors, including prior experience, age, geography market in which you want to work and degree field, will affect career outcomes and earnings. Herzing neither represents that its graduates will earn the average salaries calculated by BLS for a particular job nor guarantees that graduation from its program will result in a job, promotion, salary increase or other career growth.

Classes Start November 1st

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