Your Guide to Understanding the Different Types of Nursing Degrees
Nurses account for the majority of the healthcare workforce and play a critical role in ensuring the delivery of quality care, from a nurse assisting in the ER all the way up to a senior nurse administrator on a hospital’s executive team.
Not sure where to start your nursing career, or wondering what your next step should be? Check out our guide to different levels of nursing degrees and learn more about what you can do with each.
1. Diploma in Practical Nursing (PN)
Earning your diploma in practical nursing is the fastest way to jumpstart your nursing career as a licensed practical nurse (LPN). LPNs provide basic nursing care and work closely with registered nurses (RNs) and physicians in a wide variety of healthcare settings, including hospitals, doctor's offices, nursing homes, hospice and urgent care clinics.
Demand for LPNs is expected to grow by 12 percent through 2026, adding more than 88,000 new jobs. The median annual wage for LPNs was $46,240 in May 2018, with the top ten percent earning more than $62,160.
2. Associate in Nursing (ASN)
You can become a registered nurse (RN) in just two years with your associate degree in nursing (ASN). RNs are the first line of care in many healthcare settings, and they are in increasingly high demand as healthcare organizations strive to accommodate a growing patient population.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics forecasts 15-percent employment growth for registered nurses through 2026, or as many as 438,100 new jobs. In 2018, the median annual wage for registered nurses was $71,730, with the highest-paid 10 percent earning more than $106,530. Registered nurses also have the opportunity to specialize in a particular area of nursing, such as pediatrics, oncology or acute care.
3. Bachelor’s in Nursing (BSN)
A bachelor’s degree is becoming the new educational standard for registered nurses, as hospitals and other healthcare organizations respond to the Institute of Medicine’s call to increase their bachelors-prepared RN staff to 80 percent by 2020.
The average salary for an RN with a BSN will typically trend higher than salaries for RNs without a bachelor’s degree. Earning a BSN also opens the door to advanced educational opportunities and career growth down the road.
4. Master’s in Nursing (MSN)
Some nursing specialties or management roles require additional training and education. Earning your MSN allows you to advance your nursing career and expand your scope of practice. Here are three common MSN specialties:
Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP)
A nurse practitioner (NP) is an advanced practice registered nurse who is educated at the master’s level or higher. NPs provide an advanced level of care that includes health promotion, health prevention, wellness and disease management, as well as diagnosis and treating acute, chronic, and episodic illnesses
While NPs generally specialize in treating a specific population group, family nurse practitioners (FNPs) see patients of all ages. An MSN-FNP is a flexible track that prepares you to provide a higher level of care to a diverse patient population in a variety of healthcare settings. Demand for nurse practitioners is expected to increase by 36 percent through 2026, much faster than average for all occupations. The median salary for nurse practitioners was $107,030 in 2018, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Nurse Educator (NE)
Nurse educators are essential for ensuring that the RN workforce can meet the healthcare needs of current and future generations. As registered nurses return to school and new students seek entry to ASN or BSN programs, colleges and universities are under increased pressure to find qualified faculty to educate and train future nurses.
Nurse educators also serve an important role within the hospital system. Their depth of knowledge and experience in the field means that they understand how to convey critical and lifesaving information to other nurses and can help improve processes to mitigate risks to the patient, nurse and hospital.
An MSN-NE degree can prepare you for educator roles in both academic and clinical settings. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual wage for nurse educators was $71,260 in 2018, with the top 10 percent earning $124,090.
Nurse Leadership and Administration
Healthcare organizations need experienced nursing leaders to help them navigate changes in technology and the healthcare landscape. An MSN in Nurse Leadership can help you advance to a variety of management roles, from overseeing a nursing unit to leading the entire nursing department. Possible job titles include Chief Nursing Officer, Director of Nursing, or Healthcare Manager.
Employment for health services managers and executives is expected to grow by 20 percent from 2016 to 2026, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. BLS data also shows that medical and health services managers earn a median annual wage of $99,730.
5. Post-master’s nursing certificates (PMC)
Master’s level certificates allow working nurses to build on their graduate education with more specialized knowledge and experience. For example, a Post-Master's Family Nurse Practitioner Certificate prepares APRNs to become board-certified family nurse practitioners. A Post-Master’s Nursing Educator Certificate allows individuals with an MSN to become certified for educator roles.
Whether you’re just beginning your nursing career or looking to advance, Herzing University offers a variety of degree pathways to help you achieve your goals. Learn more about our nursing programs and get started on your journey today!